The Academic Free License
v. 2.1

This Academic Free License (the "License") applies to any original work of authorship (the 
"Original Work") whose owner (the "Licensor") has placed the following notice immediately following 
the copyright notice for the Original Work:

Licensed under the Academic Free License version 2.1

1) Grant of Copyright License. Licensor hereby grants You a world-wide, royalty-free, 
non-exclusive, perpetual, sublicenseable license to do the following:

a) to reproduce the Original Work in copies;

b) to prepare derivative works ("Derivative Works") based upon the Original Work;

c) to distribute copies of the Original Work and Derivative Works to the public;

d) to perform the Original Work publicly; and

e) to display the Original Work publicly.

2) Grant of Patent License. Licensor hereby grants You a world-wide, royalty-free, non-exclusive, 
perpetual, sublicenseable license, under patent claims owned or controlled by the Licensor that are 
embodied in the Original Work as furnished by the Licensor, to make, use, sell and offer for sale 
the Original Work and Derivative Works.

3) Grant of Source Code License. The term "Source Code" means the preferred form of the Original 
Work for making modifications to it and all available documentation describing how to modify the 
Original Work. Licensor hereby agrees to provide a machine-readable copy of the Source Code of the 
Original Work along with each copy of the Original Work that Licensor distributes. Licensor 
reserves the right to satisfy this obligation by placing a machine-readable copy of the Source Code 
in an information repository reasonably calculated to permit inexpensive and convenient access by 
You for as long as Licensor continues to distribute the Original Work, and by publishing the 
address of that information repository in a notice immediately following the copyright notice that 
applies to the Original Work.

4) Exclusions From License Grant. Neither the names of Licensor, nor the names of any contributors 
to the Original Work, nor any of their trademarks or service marks, may be used to endorse or 
promote products derived from this Original Work without express prior written permission of the 
Licensor. Nothing in this License shall be deemed to grant any rights to trademarks, copyrights, 
patents, trade secrets or any other intellectual property of Licensor except as expressly stated 
herein. No patent license is granted to make, use, sell or offer to sell embodiments of any patent 
claims other than the licensed claims defined in Section 2. No right is granted to the trademarks 
of Licensor even if such marks are included in the Original Work. Nothing in this License shall be 
interpreted to prohibit Licensor from licensing under different terms from this License any 
Original Work that Licensor otherwise would have a right to license.

5) This section intentionally omitted.

6) Attribution Rights. You must retain, in the Source Code of any Derivative Works that You create, 
all copyright, patent or trademark notices from the Source Code of the Original Work, as well as 
any notices of licensing and any descriptive text identified therein as an "Attribution Notice." 
You must cause the Source Code for any Derivative Works that You create to carry a prominent 
Attribution Notice reasonably calculated to inform recipients that You have modified the Original 

7) Warranty of Provenance and Disclaimer of Warranty. Licensor warrants that the copyright in and 
to the Original Work and the patent rights granted herein by Licensor are owned by the Licensor or 
are sublicensed to You under the terms of this License with the permission of the contributor(s) of 
those copyrights and patent rights. Except as expressly stated in the immediately proceeding 
sentence, the Original Work is provided under this License on an "AS IS" BASIS and WITHOUT 
WARRANTY, either express or implied, including, without limitation, the warranties of 
of this License. No license to Original Work is granted hereunder except under this disclaimer.

8) Limitation of Liability. Under no circumstances and under no legal theory, whether in tort 
(including negligence), contract, or otherwise, shall the Licensor be liable to any person for any 
direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any character arising as a 
result of this License or the use of the Original Work including, without limitation, damages for 
loss of goodwill, work stoppage, computer failure or malfunction, or any and all other commercial 
damages or losses. This limitation of liability shall not apply to liability for death or personal 
injury resulting from Licensor's negligence to the extent applicable law prohibits such limitation. 
Some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, 
so this exclusion and limitation may not apply to You.

9) Acceptance and Termination. If You distribute copies of the Original Work or a Derivative Work, 
You must make a reasonable effort under the circumstances to obtain the express assent of 
recipients to the terms of this License. Nothing else but this License (or another written 
agreement between Licensor and You) grants You permission to create Derivative Works based upon the 
Original Work or to exercise any of the rights granted in Section 1 herein, and any attempt to do 
so except under the terms of this License (or another written agreement between Licensor and You) 
is expressly prohibited by U.S. copyright law, the equivalent laws of other countries, and by 
international treaty. Therefore, by exercising any of the rights granted to You in Section 1 
herein, You indicate Your acceptance of this License and all of its terms and conditions.

10) Termination for Patent Action. This License shall terminate automatically and You may no longer 
exercise any of the rights granted to You by this License as of the date You commence an action, 
including a cross-claim or counterclaim, against Licensor or any licensee alleging that the 
Original Work infringes a patent. This termination provision shall not apply for an action alleging 
patent infringement by combinations of the Original Work with other software or hardware.

11) Jurisdiction, Venue and Governing Law. Any action or suit relating to this License may be 
brought only in the courts of a jurisdiction wherein the Licensor resides or in which Licensor 
conducts its primary business, and under the laws of that jurisdiction excluding its 
conflict-of-law provisions. The application of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the 
International Sale of Goods is expressly excluded. Any use of the Original Work outside the scope 
of this License or after its termination shall be subject to the requirements and penalties of the 
U.S. Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. § 101 et seq., the equivalent laws of other countries, and 
international treaty. This section shall survive the termination of this License.

12) Attorneys Fees. In any action to enforce the terms of this License or seeking damages relating 
thereto, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover its costs and expenses, including, 
without limitation, reasonable attorneys' fees and costs incurred in connection with such action, 
including any appeal of such action. This section shall survive the termination of this License.

13) Miscellaneous. This License represents the complete agreement concerning the subject matter 
hereof. If any provision of this License is held to be unenforceable, such provision shall be 
reformed only to the extent necessary to make it enforceable.

14) Definition of "You" in This License. "You" throughout this License, whether in upper or lower 
case, means an individual or a legal entity exercising rights under, and complying with all of the 
terms of, this License. For legal entities, "You" includes any entity that controls, is controlled 
by, or is under common control with you. For purposes of this definition, "control" means (i) the 
power, direct or indirect, to cause the direction or management of such entity, whether by contract 
or otherwise, or (ii) ownership of fifty percent (50%) or more of the outstanding shares, or (iii) 
beneficial ownership of such entity.

15) Right to Use. You may use the Original Work in all ways not otherwise restricted or conditioned 
by this License or by law, and Licensor promises not to interfere with or be responsible for such 
uses by You.

This license is Copyright (C) 2003-2004 Lawrence E. Rosen. All rights reserved. Permission is 
hereby granted to copy and distribute this license without modification. This license may not be 
modified without the express written permission of its copyright owner.


Thank you!